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Power Distribution

The Distribution System Training provides detailed information for seasoned and new distribution system operators to help them be more competent in their field. It discusses the operation and protection of distribution systems that enable them to understand their work better.

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Course Title Hours Price

The objective of this course is to review the types of faults that can occur in transformers and to present the different protection schemes that are installed on large and small transformers. Participants should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to their day – to – day work activities.

2 $65

This course introduces students to the subject of protective relays as they apply to generation sources in the electric power system. The course includes discussions of various generation schemes, generator grounding issues, backup protection schemes for generators, and the impacts of harmonics on generator protection. In addition, the course details how both electromechanical and digital relays are employed in providing various types of problem/fault detection and protection.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to discuss the characteristics of different types of faults, and their effects on the power system. Knowledge of this material is vital to understanding the protective schemes that are presented in future courses. Participants should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to day – to – day work activities.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to present concepts which are vital tools in the interpretation of system operating conditions. The participant should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to day – to – day work activities.

2 $65

This course introduces the student to various applications of protective relays (bus protection, line protection, transformer protection) as well as types of protective relays (instantaneous overcurrent, time overcurrent, undervoltage, electromechanical, digital).

The course uses many images from the power system, including images of transformers, substations, protective relays, and relay panels. In addition, there are multiple videos depicting protective relay and equipment movement, as well as simulations and animations that lead the student through the various application and fault scenarios.

2 $65

This course provides an overview of the function of protection schemes, including general protection philosophy and its impact on the operation of the system. The participant should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to day – to – day work activities.

2 $65

Over the last century or so, electricity has become an increasingly important and integral part of our daily lives. Knowledge of the fundamentals of electricity and application is increasingly necessary not only for those of us who work in the electric power industry, but also for the general public.

In this four – module program on electrical fundamentals, we introduce for study the general physics or basic natural laws that govern the use of electricity. This material will serve as a solid foundation on which to build the more advanced concepts dealt with in our many other training programs.

In presenting this material, we have tried to limit mathematics and complicated calculations, preferring instead to demonstrate concepts by the use of powerful animated graphics. However, we cannot dispense with calculations altogether, so please stick with us; this material does get more and more interesting as we proceed.

This part answers such questio.

2 $65

This course presents the main features and advantages of PLCs, including hardware arrangements, software (i.e. programming) and typical applications. Extension of the PLC is discussed, noting features of a typical distributed control system.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to draw attention to the many factors that affect the accuracy of testing on protection circuits and equipment. Fundamental testing techniques are presented along with a discussion of the pitfalls to be avoided. A demonstration on the use of the oscilloscope is included. The need for specific safety precautions is also discussed.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to present the concepts on which fault calculations are made. Both balanced and non – balanced faults are discussed, including phase – to – phase and phase – to – ground faults. The use of ‘percent impedance’ is shown and the use of symmetrical components is discussed.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to draw attention to the problem of inadvertent trips and misoperation of protection equipment. Typical case studies are presented, with the conclusions leading to recommended procedures to help reduce inadvertent trips.

2 $65

This course will discuss the application of SCADA systems (EMS, and DISTRIBUTION AUTOMATION), and present the main features of modern installations including equipment layout, communications, operations and maintenance.

2 $65

The purpose of this course is to continue the discussion of telecommunications protection. While course 2119 presented protection devices, this course focuses on specific installation practice and typical configurations. Participants should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to their day – to – day activities.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to draw attention to the high voltage hazards that can occur on telecommunication circuits entering substations and power stations, and to review the protection devices that are used to combat this problem. Participants should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to their day – to – day activities.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to present and discuss supervision of the hydro generator including control, monitoring, and protection. Included is a review of the significance of active and reactive power output from the generator.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to present and discuss supervision of the hydro generator including control, monitoring, and protection. Included is a review of the significance of active and reactive power output from the generator.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to present and discuss supervision of the hydro generator including control, monitoring, and protection. Included is a review of the significance of active and reactive power output from the generator.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to introduce and present the major features of static relaying, including analog – type solid – state relays and digital microprocessor relays. At this stage in the program, it is assumed that all participants are thoroughly familiar with the functions and characteristics of the different types of relays. This course focuses upon the differences between solid state and electromechanical relays.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to demonstrate the various methods that are used to investigate equipment performance during fault conditions. While various types of fault recorders are considered, particular emphasis is placed upon the interpretation of oscillograms.

2 $65

This course presents a more detailed examination of power line carrier (PLC) systems. Earlier courses looked at the protection schemes that employ PLC as the communication medium. This course focuses upon the PLC equipment itself.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to present and discuss the many factors involved in commissioning new power installations, placing particular emphasis on the testing of protective schemes. Participants should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to their work activities.

2 $65

The purpose of this course is to present protection schemes that are used to assist in maintaining system stability. The concept of steady – state operation and dynamic response is demonstrated with particular reference to the power angle curve. The physical consequences of instability are also discussed. The participants should be able to understand the following overall concepts and be able to apply them to their day – to – day work activities.

2 $65

The purpose of this course is to familiarize participants with the principles of pilot protection, the various schemes used and the different types of communication channels employed. The participant should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to their day – to – day work activities.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to present the broad categories of line configuration and discuss the various types of protection schemes that are employed. Particular attention is paid to coordination for selective tripping and isolation of faulty circuits. Participants should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to their day – to – day work activities.

2 $65

The purpose of this course is to familiarize the participant with the features of motor operation and the most common types of protective devices that are installed. Participants should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to their day – to – day work activities.

2 $65

The objective of this course is to review the different bus layouts that are used in power systems and to present the different protection schemes that are installed to protect against bus faults. The participant should be able to understand the following overall concepts and apply them to day – to – day work activities.

2 $65

This course covers personnel hazards; mechanism of electric shocks; clearance procedures; grounding; safe practice and procedures; principles of hot – line maintenance; regulatory requirements; handling hazardous materials; housekeeping, fire prevention, and responsibility for safety.

If you are taking this course for NERC credit, the following credits will be reported.

CE HOURS = 2.00 OPS Topics=2.00 Standards=0.00 Simulation=0.00 EO=0.00.

2 $65

This course discusses the importance of impedance of a system and the effects of voltage drop. The course begins with a quick review of trigonometric functions and their use in power – system calculations.

2 $65

This course covers the importance of impedance of a system and the effects of voltage drop. The lesson begins with a quick review of trigonometric functions and their use in power system calculations.

2 $65

The first lesson provides a quick review of trigonometric functions and their use in power system calculations. This course then goes on to cover the importance of impedance of a system and the effects of voltage drop.

2 $65

This course introduces the student to the concept of reactive power, including inductance, reactance, and power factor. The lessons also discuss power factor correction and its importance to the power system.

2 $65

This course introduces the student to the fundamentals of alternating current and basic circuit analysis for resistive circuits.

2 $65

Once the generator is synchronized and on line, it locks itself in and remains in synchronism unless an abnormal condition occurs. Our discussion of electric power so far has involved voltages and currents being generated in single – phase operation, but electric power is normally generated, transmitted, and distributed in the form of three – phase power, as discussed here.

2 $65

While it is true that the larger the impedance, the larger the regulation for any given amount of load, what is meant by saying that a transformer is perfect or ideal? Why does the inductive reactance of the transformer occur? And what happens to the secondary voltage if the load is removed?.

In this part, you will calculate impedance and voltage drop across the various elements of a circuit; study the effects a change in the power factor can have on the active, reactive, and apparent power demands of a load; describe what happens when a capacitor is placed across the terminals of a motor, and discuss how to increase load transfer along a line.

2 $65

In this part the discussion turns to methods that can be used to produce a DC voltage and suggests why AC voltage is easier to handle; how a rotating magnetic field induces voltage and current into the stator winding and what a stator is. It also distinguishes between RMS values and maximum values and names which is used most often and for what end.

2 $65

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